Heat Pumps are a great alternative means to traditional furnaces and air conditioning units -and are often more efficient as well.
Different types of heat pumps
There is a variety of types of heat pumps such as:
- ductless mini-split
One of the more popular solutions in recent years has been ductless mini split systems. This is because these systems do not depend on duct work to carry the warm and cold air like a traditional heating and cooling system.
These systems are very efficient and a great solution for when you want to keep an area of the home comfortable without heating the entire home (such as garages, sun-rooms, additions to homes.) By not using ducts there is less chance of temperature loss from leaky duct work.
These are also great for small apartments.
Ductless mini split systems work by using a compressor unit installed on the outside of the home along with an indoor unit that then pushes the warm or cool air through the area.
Ductless systems are also very flexible because they come in a variety of shapes and sizes to be installed on a wall, ceiling, or even the floor.
These are very efficient systems that take advantage of the natural temperature underground. Geothermal heat pumps work by transferring heat to and away from the ground by using the earth as a heat sink in the summer time or as a source of heat in the winter for heating and cooling the home.
Air Source Heat Pumps
An air source heat pump takes heat and transfers it either to or away from the building. These systems use a refrigerant system with a condenser and compressor to displace the heat.
Absorption Heat Pumps
These heat pumps are not driven by electricity but rather that is heated by solar or geothermal methods. Another method is using absorption coolers which while they work similarly are not reversible for heating.